EYFS Montessori Curriculum


Practical life

EYFS - Personal Social and Emotional Development

Children will be introduced to Practical life lessons. Simple exercises such as threading, pouring and fastenings help children to concentrate, to be confident and independent. Children are given a wide range of opportunities to join in, to understand rules and feelings of others using a range of role-play and pictorial cues. Role modelling by adults and peers encourages ground rules, grace and courtesy. Children have the freedom to develop positive friendships and self-confidence through independence and freedom of choice. We adopt an environment where children can express their feelings and be listened to.

nursery school

Language and communication

Children are given a wide range of opportunities to develop listening, communication skills and vocabulary. They have the freedom of speech and opportunities for conversation.

Children’s attention, listening, understanding and speech development is enriched using books, story telling, general conversation, song, rhyme and phonic games. Music and movement sessions occur weekly and include the use of instruments to develop a sense of rhythm and pattern. The puppet theatre, talking tent and array of symbolic and role-play also supports the child’s speaking and listening skills further.

physical development

Physical development

Children develop gross and fine motor skills, a high degree of hand eye coordination and balance through practical life exercises. Utilizing the indoor and outdoor environment, Physical development is a natural part of all the child’s activities. Montessori materials and activities are designed with physical development as a key component and are provided to encompass and encourage the natural flow and movement of each child within challenging environments.

Music and movement also forms an important part of the child’s development where they are given opportunities to practice their gross motor skills via dance, obstacle courses and movement games. Children are encouraged and empowered to care for themselves and to be independent in their self-care skills such as dressing and putting on shoes. This is supported using the dressing frames and dressing up box.

There are 4 specific areas of learning:

language and literacy

Language and literacy

EYFS - Literacy

Montessori Literacy lessons introduce phonetic sounds of the alphabet in an array of methods to lead the child towards writing reading, developing their understanding and expressive skills This ranges from the visual representation of sandpaper letters, the rich music, communication and rhyme programme, the moveable alphabet and short phonetic and non-phonetic reading.

Insets for design are used to prepare the child for handwriting and development of pencil control alongside the range of practical life exercises and mark making tools such as making dough, plasticine, chalks, painting, drawing and sand play.

mathematics and sensorial

Mathematics and sensorial

EYFS - Mathematics

Practical life and sensorial methods introduce the basics of mathematics into the child’s learning, therefore, here they learn to count, combine, share, compare and really learn to understand mathematical concepts.

Sensorial materials are designed to educate and train the senses of the child. They encourage the child to compare, contrast and to discriminate. They include activities with shape, sizes, sequencing and pattern alongside exploration of their environment. Water, sand and exploration of a wide range of materials facilitate the child’s awareness of texture, volume, length and capacity. These tasks help children develop awareness, sensitivity and observation and prepares them for the theories of Mathematics.

Counting activities are offered in a mathematically rich environment ranging from rhymes and games to sandpaper numerals and spindle boxes. As the child grows they will have the opportunity to explore the decimal system. The children explore the recognition of numerals using the sandpaper numbers and are offered the opportunity to relate number to quantity using an array of Montessori materials such as the numbers and pennies activity. As the child grows they will have the chance to use the Seguin boards and large numeral cards that support the child to learn to relate numbers well beyond 10.



EYFS - Understanding the World

Cultural subjects such as geography, science and history, which enrich the child’s understanding of the world in which he/she lives, are an important part of our teaching. Opportunities to explore and care for the environment both indoor and outdoor are provided. Life cycles and nature are a common theme within the nursery where children learn about the natural world. Use of materials found in the natural world provides the foundations for art and creative work. Children are introduced to celebrations from around the world and the child will be encouraged to understand and value diversity in the world.

Sensorial activities underpin all areas of learning in the Montessori environment, role modelling of graces and positive behaviour are offered in support of a child’s knowledge and expectations of the world around them. Afternoon trips are arranged to explore the local environment and community. Children are given opportunities to explore ICT using toys, computers and everyday equipment.



EYFS - Expressive Arts and Design

During their journey within our Montessori the children will be provided with a wide selection of lessons to encourage them to participate in creative activities. This includes engaging in activities such as dance, acting nursery rhymes, role play, storytelling, art and craft, junk modelling, painting, cutting and sticking, collages and drawing. A range of natural and man-made materials are offered for exploration.

Weekly music and movement encourages development of free expression and ideas. Imagination is encouraged using an array of music opportunities. The children use their bodies, scarves and ribbons to interpret sound and rhythm. Children are offered a range of small world, role-play and puppet theatres to develop their imaginative play and are supported by adults who scaffold and extend their ideas so that children can develop their creative minds.

Share by: